Once she is told that this is a different animal called a cow, she will modify her existing schema for a horse and create a new schema for a cow.A schema is a cognitive framework or concept that helps organize and interpret information.Schemas can be useful because they allow us to take shortcuts in interpreting the vast amount of information that is available in our environment.
Theorist Jean Piaget introduced the term schema, and its use was popularized through his work.
According to his theory of cognitive development, children go through a series of stages of intellectual growth.
The use of schemas as a basic concept was first used by a British psychologist named Frederic Bartlett as part of his learning theory.
Bartlett's theory suggested that our understanding of the world is formed by a network of abstract mental structures.
In Piaget's theory, a schema is both the category of knowledge as well as the process of acquiring that knowledge.
As experiences happen and new information is presented, new schemas are developed and old schemas are changed or modified.