The first area found in adults with these criteria was bone marrow.Stem stems from bone marrow are called hematopoietic stem cells (HSC).Bone marrow transfer relies on the stem cells (HSC) present in the donor’s blood for its effectiveness.As mentioned above, in the United States this represents one of the first effective therapeutic uses of stem cells.Fat can also produce much larger numbers of stem cells from a single –procedure. The comparison of multilineage differentiation of bone marrow and adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells. 04/01/2013 After surgery, most patients depend on strong medications to help relieve their pain.
Since these were first discovered and isolated, many studies have been done and some treatments developed.
Some blood derived diseases and leukemia and myelodysplasia are now treated commonly with bone marrow transfer.
More recently, fat has been found to have large numbers of stem cells.
Fat is easily harvested under local anesthesia using a form of liposuction.
Fat derived stem cells are called adipose-derived stem cells (ADSC).
Some controversy exists around whether adipose or fat derived stem cells area as effective as bone marrow derived stem cells.