Archaeological Dating Methods introduces students to many of the more common dating methods used or found in related literature.Any scientific study of the past, including the geologic past, relies on the use of dating methods to determine the age of sites, landforms, sediments or geologic events.A variety of dating methods are available, and the scientist must decide which method will provide the most accurate results in each case.After its introductionto the scientific community in 1950, it quickly became the method most frequently used to determine the age of organic materials.This 9,300 year old wooden wedge was found at the Kilgii Gwaay archaeological site.Relative dating methods were the first dating techniques to be developed, and are still widely used.
Relative dating methods can not establish exactly how old things are, but only how old things are relative to other things.
Relative dating is based on the law of superposition which states that material found at the bottom of a sedimentary sequence is older than the material above it.
This method is useful for scientists working in areas where volcanic eruptions have occurred, and left layers of ash which can be dated using the potassium argon method.
This expository paper gives a survey of statistical problems arising in two important and widely used scientific methods of dating archaeological deposits, namely tree-ring-calibrated radiocarbon dates and seriation.
Radiocarbon dating is based on the fact that a radioactive isotope of carbon( Potassium argon dating is an absolute dating technique that can be used on volcanic rocks.
Radioactive potassium (40potassium) decays into argon over time, so the age of certain rocks or minerals can be discovered by measuring the amount of argon they contain.