A Selected Chronological Bibliography of Biology and Medicine — Part II 1810 — 1884 Compiled by James Southworth Steen, Ph. Delta State University Dedicated to my loving family This document celebrates those secondary authors and laboratory technicians without whom most of this great labor of discovery would have proved impossible. Among the many fossils collected and prepared by her are the first ichthyosaur skeleton and the first pleisosaur skeleton known to the English community.
Mary Anning (GB) was celebrated as the outstanding fossil collector of her time. Narrative of a Survey of the Intertropical and Western Coasts of Australia : Performed Between the Years 18 / by Captain Phillip P. With an Appendix, Containing Various Subjects Relating to Hydrography and Natural History.
Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac (FR) found that grape juice preserved for over a year by the Appert method would upon opening ferment within a few days. Berichte der Deutschen Chemischen Gesellschaft 18: 3066-72 1698. Berichte der Deutschen Chemischen Gesellschaft 20: 339-46 1699.
An unopened control bottle of Appert’s grape juice remained unchanged.
Finding that bottles of Appert’s preserves showed no oxygen Gay-Lussac concluded that this gas must play a vital part in the fermentation process. In Three Discourses on Imagined Occassions and Upbuilding Discourses in Various Spirits, pp.
He introduced some small and intact grapes into a bell jar standing over mercury.
The ichthyosaur fossil was probably discovered sometime between 18, when Mary was only 10 to 12 years old. William Hyde Wollaston (GB) isolated cystic oxide (cystine) from unusual kidney stones (2090, 3576). Jöns Jakob von Berzelius (SE) actually named it cystine (Gk. Count Karl Axel Hampus Mörner (SE) was the first to isolate cystine from a protein hydrolysate (animal horn) (2244). (DE) was the first to synthesize cystine (997, 998). Wilhelm Roux' Archiv für Entwicklungsmechanik der Organismen 19: 85-107 1701. Louis Antoine Planche (FR) observed that extracts of plant roots would turn alcoholic solutions of guaiac resin a blue color. And while Mary did find the majority of the remains, her brother had discovered part of the animal twelve months earlier. The majority of Mary's finds ended up in museums and personal collections without credit being given to her as the discoverer of the fossils (3173). Experimental studies on the eye of the frog embryo. Case of an Extra-uterine Foetus: Produced Alive, Through an Incision Made Into the Vagina of the Mother, who Recovered After Delivery, Without Any Alarming Symptoms.