The earliest Gothic art was monumental sculpture, on the walls of Cathedrals and abbeys.
Primary media in the Gothic period included sculpture, panel painting, stained glass, fresco and illuminated manuscripts.
The easily recognizable shifts in architecture from Romanesque to Gothic, and Gothic to Renaissance styles, are typically used to define the periods in art in all media, although in many ways figurative art developed at a different pace.
In the late 14th century, the sophisticated court style of International Gothic developed, which continued to evolve until the late 15th century.
In many areas, especially Germany, Late Gothic art continued well into the 16th century, before being subsumed into Renaissance art.
With the growth of cities, trade guilds were formed and artists were often required to be members of a painters' guild—as a result, because of better record keeping, more artists are known to us by name in this period than any previous; some artists were even so bold as to sign their names.