(198,000 sq mi), Thailand is the world's 51st-largest country.
It is the 20th-most-populous country in the world, with around 66 million people. Thailand is a constitutional monarchy and was a parliamentary democracy until the coup in May 2014 by the National Council for Peace and Order. It is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar.
with the Sanskrit Śyāma (श्याम, meaning "dark" or "brown").
The names Shan and A-hom seem to be variants of the same word.
The Thai economy is the world's 20th largest by nominal GDP and the 27th largest by GDP at PPP.
The first line of the national anthem is: prathet thai ruam lueat nuea chat chuea thai (Thai: There is evidence of human habitation in Thailand that has been dated at 40,000 years before the present, with stone artifacts dated to this period at Tham Lod Rockshelter in Mae Hong Son.
It became a newly industrialised country and a major exporter in the 1990s.
Manufacturing, agriculture, and tourism are leading sectors of the economy.
The word Śyâma is possibly not its origin, but a learned and artificial distortion The signature of King Mongkut (r.