The Sutlej River separates it from Bahawalpur and the Chenab River from Muzaffar Garh.One of the oldest cities in the world dating back 6000 years, the city has grown to become an influential political and economical centre for the country, with a dry port and excellent transport links.Multan has frequently been a site of conflict due to its location on a major invasion route between South Asia and Central Asia. In the mid-5th century CE, the city was attacked by a group of Hephthalite nomads led by Toramana.
Multan is also famous for ancient Hindu temples, the most famous temple being Prahladpuri Temple.The Holi or Holika festival of the Hindus originated from this temple.Multan district is spread over an area of 3,721 square kilometres (1,437 square miles), comprising four tehsils: Multan City, Multan Saddar, Shujabad and Jalalpur Pirwala.In 2005 Multan was reorganised as a City District composed of six autonomous towns: According to Hindu legends, it was the capital of the Trigarta Kingdom at the time of the Mahabharata war, ruled by the Katoch Rajput Dynasty. According to Hindu mythology, it was originally called Kashtpur (Kashyapapura) after a Hindu sage named Kashyapa, which is also the Gotra used by the Katoch dynasty.Multan is also the birthplace of Fariduddin Ganjshakar (popularly known as "Baba Farid"), recognised as the first major poet of the Punjabi language.
Multan is located in a bend created by five rivers of central Pakistan.