The biomass fraction of RDF and SRF has a monetary value under multiple greenhouse gas protocols, such as the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme and the Renewable Obligation Certificate program in the United Kingdom.Refuse-derived fuel (RDF) or solid recovered fuel / specified recovered fuel (SRF) is a fuel produced by shredding and dehydrating solid waste (MSW) with a Waste converter technology.RDF consists largely of combustible components of municipal waste such as plastics and biodegradable waste.RDF processing facilities are normally located near a source of MSW and, while an optional combustion facility is normally close to the processing facility, it may also be located at a remote location.SRF can be distinguished from RDF in the fact that it is produced to reach a standard such as CEN/343 ANAS.
It can be used alongside traditional sources of fuel in coal power plants.
In Europe RDF can be used in the cement kiln industry, where the strict standards of the Waste Incineration Directive are met.
RDF can also be fed into plasma arc gasification modules & pyrolysis plants.
Where the RDF is capable of being combusted cleanly or in compliance with the Kyoto Protocol, RDF can provide a funding source where unused carbon credits are sold on the open market via a carbon exchange of these solutions is still a relatively new concept, thus RDF's financial advantage may be debatable.
Non-combustible materials such as glass and metals are removed during the post-treatment processing cycle with an air knife or other density separation technique.
The residual material can be sold in its processed form (depending on the process treatment) or it may be compressed into Pellet fuel, bricks or logs and used for other purposes either stand-alone or in a recursive recycling process.