Muhammad Al-Ghazali's ( ) ideas characterize much of the wasatiyyah school of thought.
His ideas are shared by other notable and influential people including Yusuf Al-Qaradawi, Abdel-Haleem Abu Shaqua, and Hasan al-Turabi.
He maintained that there are traditions created by people and not by God that slow women's development and keeps them in religious ignorance, which he believes results in the degradation of the whole Muslim community.
In her writings, Fatema Mernissi remarks that “if women's rights are a problem for some modern Muslim men, it is neither because of the Koran nor the Prophet Muhammad, nor the Islamic tradition, but simply because those rights conflict with the interests of a male elite”.
The ideas of Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah bin Baz are characteristic of much of the salafiyyah sect.
Bin Baz believed that the engagement of women in “male domains” separates them from their God-given nature, eventually leading to women's misery and demise.
This article is about gender roles in relationships between Islamic men and women, and their families.
For related topics including Islamic women's clothing and juridical differences between the genders, see Women in Islam.
Salafiyyah literally means "that which pertains to ancestry".
She questions the social norm a man is “dishonoured” if a woman in their family works outside of a domestic space.
The Quran, the holiest book in Islam, indicates that men and women are spiritual equals.
The Quran 4 states: "If any do deeds of righteousness be they male or female and have faith, they will enter Heaven, and not the least injustice will be done to them." But this notion of equality has not been reflected in many of the laws in Muslim-based institutions.
Bin Baz also thought that women should only work in certain fields—those that are within a woman's domain—such as female education, nursing and medical care.
But even these must obey a strict separation of gender.