Pequonnock River Mouth Site of Village Bridgeport, situated on a commodious harbor and river estuary, was the site of at least five Native American villages and in 1659 became the site of Connecticut's first Indian reservation.
The trading port of Black Rock was settled by the English in 1644, and farming communities at Stratfield and Pembroke by 1660.
A smokestack city known for its defense-related manufacturing activities and port facilities, Bridgeport, the largest city in Connecticut, was devastated in the early 1990s by the loss of its manufacturing base as a result of the end of the Cold War between the United States and the former Soviet Union, and actually declared itself bankrupt.
Further degradation was handed to residents at the hands of their once-successful mayor, Joseph P.
Manufacturing and trade, long mainstays in the Bridgeport economy, are being increasingly supplemented by the service-producing industries, particularly personal, business, and health services, as Bridgeport seeks to diversify.
The defense industry, for many years a vital part of the city's economy, was hard hit by layoffs in the early 1990s.
Although in the late 1990s, the city announced investments of 0 million for modern buildings, classes for universal preschool, smaller classroom sizes, and broader access to computers and the Internet; by 2005 these initiatives had yet to materialize.
The school district has suffered as a result with six buildings that are over a century old and 14 others at more than 50 years old.
Captain's Cove Seaport, an amusement and maritime center along the harbor, is home to the HMS Rose, a replica of a Revolutionary War era 24-gun frigate.Within the greater Bridgeport area about 1,000 hotel rooms are available for a variety of functions.Bridgeport, in the southwest portion of Connecticut, sprawls for two and one-half miles along Long Island Sound at the mouth of the Pequonnock River.Located in Fairfield County, the city is situated on low-lying land that comprises two harbors, the main Bridgeport Harbor and the Black Rock Harbor two miles away.With two major hospitals and a mental health center within the city limits, Bridgeport is the health care center of Fairfield County.
Bridgeport Hospital is a full-service community hospital and teaching institution serving the greater Bridgeport area and Fairfield County.