The Miami metropolitan area is the eighth-largest metropolitan area in the United States. A peninsula between the Gulf of Mexico, the Atlantic Ocean, and the Straits of Florida, it has the longest coastline in the contiguous United States, approximately 1,350 miles (2,170 km), and is the only state that borders both the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean.
The state is bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the north by Alabama and Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south by the Straits of Florida and Cuba.
Florida is the 22nd most extensive, the 3rd most populous, and the 8th most densely populated of the United States.
Jacksonville is the most populous city in Florida, and the largest city by area in the contiguous United States.
Florida has attracted many writers such as Marjorie Kinnan Rawlings, Ernest Hemingway and Tennessee Williams, and continues to attract celebrities and athletes.
Since the first European contact was made in 1513 by Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de León – who named it La Florida ( – Florida was a challenge for the European colonial powers before it gained statehood in the United States in 1845.
It was a principal location of the Seminole Wars against the Native Americans, and racial segregation after the American Civil War.