Etymologically, its components are: ratcha (Sanskrit raja "king, royal, realm") ; -ana- (Pali āṇā "authority, command, power", itself from an Old Indo-Aryan form ājñā of the same meaning) -chak (from Sanskrit चक्र cakra- "wheel", a symbol of power and rule).
Thailand was renamed Siam from 1945 to , after which it again reverted to Thailand.
According to George Cœdès, the word Thai (ไทย) means "free man" in the Thai language, "differentiating the Thai from the natives encompassed in Thai society as serfs.") means "kingdom of Thailand" or "kingdom of Thai".
The word Śyâma is possibly not its origin, but a learned and artificial distortion The signature of King Mongkut (r.
1851 – 1868) reads SPPM (Somdet Phra Poramenthra Maha) Mongkut King of the Siamese, giving the name "Siam" official status until 24 June 1939 when it was changed to Thailand.
From the canals of Bangkok and nearby floating markets, to magnificent stone ruins and truly spectacular temples in Ayutthaya, and on through the limestone cliffs and Railay Bay in the southern province of Krabi we experience it all in this student trip to Thailand!
It became a newly industrialised country and a major exporter in the 1990s.
Manufacturing, agriculture, and tourism are leading sectors of the economy.
with the Sanskrit Śyāma (श्याम, meaning "dark" or "brown").
The names Shan and A-hom seem to be variants of the same word.
(198,000 sq mi), Thailand is the world's 51st-largest country.
It is the 20th-most-populous country in the world, with around 66 million people. Thailand is a constitutional monarchy and was a parliamentary democracy until the coup in May 2014 by the National Council for Peace and Order. It is bordered to the north by Myanmar and Laos, to the east by Laos and Cambodia, to the south by the Gulf of Thailand and Malaysia, and to the west by the Andaman Sea and the southern extremity of Myanmar.